Volume 2

Issue 3


Cholangiocarcinoma is an aggressive malignancy and a challenging disease to treat, with available literature emphasizing on surgical resection, newer imaging modalities, adjuvant therapy, and palliative therapy, but just establishing a tissue diagnosis itself is the most complex problem before treating such tumors especially in proximally located hilar biliary stricture.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001080


Pancreatic fistula is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic trauma. It develops because of pancreatic ductal disruption or rupture of a pseudocyst. Pancreatic ascites develops due to free secretion of pancreatic juice into peritoneal cavity . Its challenging to diagnose this rare complication and even more challenging to treat it adequately . Left pleura is the most common location for pancreatic fistula followed by right pleura and both pleural cavities.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001079

Gut microbiota and Intestinal Immune systems -Immune control functions via short-chain fatty acids, Amino acid metabolites and Bile acids

Intestinal environments, including gut microbiota, are deeply involved in the developments and control of intestinal immune systems. Gut microbiota exerts various actions on immune cells through bacterial cell components and metabolites produced by the bacteria.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001078

Acute Kidney injury and COVID-19 infection

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infection that has been one of the most frequently discussed medical as a socio-economic issues over the past two years. Common risk factors for COVID-19 infection and its severe course include age, race, male gender, chronic lung disease, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), immunode- ficiency, kidney and liver disease, obesity/overweight, smoking and polypharmacy.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001077

To determine sensitivity of diffusion weighted imaging for diagnosis of hepatocellular car- cinoma, keeping the dynamic post contrast MRI as gold standard.

There is increasing incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide, being the fifth commonest cancer and holds being the sec- ond commonest reason of cancer death [1]. It is alarmingly on rise in Pakistan [2, 3]. Multiple risk factors for HCC have been documented worldwide, a few include alcohol, hepatitis B and C viral infection and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). With current disease load it is crucial to accurately diagnose HCC at the early stage for reduc- ing the morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis is the rate limiting step in the disease burden.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001076

The using of biphasic calcium sulfate in two-stage treatment of odontogenic fibroma of the mandible – case report

Among the patients of the Oral Surgery Department, a significant per- centage are people requiring treatment due to the diagnosis of odon- togenic cysts in the jaw bones. Most of these cysts, of various etiolo- gies, require surgical treatment. The most common lesions of various origins include the germinal cyst, while the broadly understood root cyst, as a chronic inflammatory pathological condition, may constitute the highest percentage of recognizable lesions of this type in the jaw bones. Statistically, it is over 60% of odontogenic cysts and over 50% of bone cysts[1,2].
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001075

Dietary Mineral Imbalance among Primary School Children in Benghazi

Childhood is the entire blueprint of an individual's future life, evi- dences show that experiences in early and middle childhood are extremely important for a child’s healthy development and lifelong learning. How a child develops during this time affects future cog- nitive, social, emotional, language, and physical development, which in turn influences school readiness and later success in life 1-3
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001074

Chronic GI Bleeding as the Only Presenting Sign of AML in an Elderly Patient

While acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains a common type of leukemia in adults, it is a relatively rare cancer diagnosis overall, re- sponsible for only one percent of adult cancer deaths in the United States.1-3 AML stems from the malignant clonal expansion of undif- ferentiated myeloid precursor cells, resulting in ineffective hematopoi- esis and bone marrow failure.1,2 The production of malfunctioning white blood cells can cause cytopenia’s, creating downstream symp- toms related to anemia and thrombocytopenia.1-4 However, a handful of individuals may be asymptomatic upon diagnosis with isolated lab abnormalities.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001073


Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune bleeding disor- der that lessens the production of platelets. ITP is a syndrome char- acterized by: (i) thrombocytopenia (platelet count less than 100,000/ mm3); (ii) shortened platelet survival; (iii) presence of antiplatelet an- tibody in the plasma; (iv) normal or increased megakaryocytes in the bone marrow [1]. Patients are over 60 years of age with no predilection for sex and the chronic form being the most common.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001072

Postpartum Depression: A Comprehensive Review

Postpartum depression is a form of depression, a mental illness, dis- covered to be common lately in birth mothers affecting roughly 15% to a minimum of 10%. Such a period is very critical due to its nature and effect on Mother-baby bonding and Child’s long-term Devel- opment. However, following depressions are found to be very inad- equately diagnosed and nursed. According to the survey carried out in this regard revealed that halves of such conditions are unidentified by concerned Practitioners or medical Professionals in-charge and revealed that most of the diagnosed mothers, do not follow recom- mended treatment accordingly.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.02.001071