Combined cervical laceration and bladder rupture: a case report of an unusual complica- tion of precipitated labor

Spontaneous bladder rupture following normal vaginal delivery is a surgical postpartum emergency. Previous cesarean section, vacuum/ forceps-assisted vaginal deliveries, and distended bladder compressed by engaged head in birth canal are all risk factors for bladder injuries in healthy parturient women 1.

Development of a novel dental thermal imaging application

Thermography is a process where a (thermal) camera captures and generates an image by using infrared radiation, emitted from an ob- ject [1]. The image provides an opportunity to visibly record invisible (to the human eye) infrared energy or heat. Thermography is non- invasive, non-contact, user-friendly and a portable imaging method and has been used in various industrial fields, such as engineering and construction.

Retained Severed Radial Arterial Catheter

The radial artery is the most frequently utilized site for arterial can- nulation due to accessibility and safety, with approximately 8 million catheters placed per year in the USA.1 Radial artery cannulation is associated with a major complication rate of less than 1%. While the most common complication is temporary occlusion (19%), common complications such as thrombosis.

Validation of regional wall motion abnormality assessment methods based on coronary CT- angiography with left ventricular function regarding prediction of hemodynamically rel- evant stenoses with instantaneous wave-free ratio

Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) is the gold standard for diag- nostic and treatment of CAD in high-risk patients [1]. Patients with stable angina or silent ischaemia undergo revascularization therapy when ischaemia or a hemodynamically relevant stenosis are detected [2]. The DEFINE-FLAIR and iFR-SWEDEHEART randomized tri- als demonstrated similar outcomes in FFR (fractional flow reserve) and iwFR (instantaneous wave-free ratio) guided revascularizations in patients with intermediate-grade stenosis [3, 4].

Acute tetraparesis revealing acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapse: a case report and literature review

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer of childhood and an important cause of death from cancer during the first two decades of life [1]. Global incidence rates have been estimated to be between 1.08 to 2.12 per 100,000 person-years, the condition being four times more frequent in childhood than in adulthood [2]. Recent advances in the fields of diagnostics and therapeutics have improved prognostic outcomes in patients.

Neurolytic erector spinae plane block a treatment for postherpetic neuralgia a case report

Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most frequent chronic compli- cation of herpes zoster infection and the most common neuropathic pain resulting from any infection. Between 10-15% of the patients with Herpes Zoster may develop it [1]. PHN is developed as a result of the damaged peripheral and central nerve fibers due to the virus, resulting in a lower threshold which is traduce give place to central and pe- ripheral sensitization.

The social effects and potential value of combination of Chinese herbal medicine with Inter- net hospitals during the COVID-19 epidemic

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 out- breaks first in China on December 2019. Unfortunately, because the virus shows the characteristics of rapid human-to-human transmis- sion, a total of 8,569,962 cases were confirmed and 457,388 deaths were happened worldwide as of June 20. In consequence, public’s health-related fears are also fueled, and WHO defines COVID-19 as a pandemic.

VACTERL Association in an 18 Year Old Teenager with Covid-19 like Symptoms and Mul- tiple Neurologic Features

VACTERL association is a non-random association of multiple birth defects that affects two or more body organs [1, 2]. VACTERL is de- fined by the concurrence of at least three of the following component features: vertebral anomalies (V), anal atresia (A), cardiac malforma- tions (C), Tracheoesophageal fistula (TE), renal dysplasia (R) and limb abnormalities (L).

A case report on primary tuberculosis of glans penis-a rare presentation

Tuberculosis is a bacterial infectious disease caused by Mycobacteri- um tuberculosis [1, 2]. This bacteria is mostly transmitted through the respiratory route. On clinical manifestation, pulmonary tuberculosis makes up 70% of cases, and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis 10-30%.

Brain MR imaging findings in children with congenital muscular dystrophies

Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders presenting early in life during infancy or soon after birth with muscle weakness and hypotonia, sometime associated to severe brain involvement and histologically presenting with dystrophic lesions. They are classified on the basis of the clinical features, pathologic findings and pattern of inheritance. In fact most of these disorders are inherited and linked to specific genes. Several CDMs classifications have been proposed.

One case of congenital adrenal cortical hyperplasia with 17-hydroxylase deficiency

Congenitaladrenalhyperplasia (CAH) [1] is an autosomal recessive disorder causing associated enzyme deficiency or defects in the ad- renal cortical hormone synthesis pathway due to genetic mutations. Resistance of cortisol biosynthesis causes excessive secretion of corticotropin-releasinghormone and CRH) and adrenocorticotropichormone (ACTH).

Cancer Drug Pricing in the United States

Over the past three decades an important pattern regarding the cost of cancer treatment has arisen the medical costs of cancer have nearly doubled, with the price of patented cancer drugs experiencing a 5 to 10-fold increase between 2000 and 2014 itself.

Cowden Syndrome: A Case Report

Cowden syndrome (CS) is characterized by the presence of multiple hamartomas in various parts of the body, especially the skin, with mu- cocutaneous lesions of diverse presentation. The estimated prevalence is one in 1 million in the general population, and it is a very rare con- dition. There is a preponderance with females, especially Caucasians.

A review of photodynamic therapy as a prevention modality for actinic keratoses and non- melanoma skin cancers in immunocompetent patients and immunosuppressed organ transplant recipients

The incidence of precancerous actinic keratoses and non-melanoma skin cancers has been increasing worldwide because of several factors such as skin tone, age, and primarily, exposure to ultraviolet radiation [1]. Actinic keratoses constitute a spectrum of skin lesions that form as rough, scaly macules or patches on the skin that have the potential to develop into a squamous cell carcinoma if left without intervention.

The incidence and mortality of COVID-19 related TB infection in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused sig- nificant morbidity and mortality all over the world, with total con- firmed cases of 296,496,809 globally and 5,462,631 deaths in January 2022 [1]. In African region, 7,493,439 confirmed cases are already re- corded, among them, 154, 837 deaths in January 2022.

Treatment and the Current Concept of Relapse, in Substance Use Disorder

Currently, "Substance Use Disorder" (SUD) is characterized by an inability, consistent withdrawal, loss of inhibitory control of the desire for Substance Abuse (SA), causing impairment in behavior, decreased ability to recognize significant problems, due to pathological behavior itself, deficits in interpersonal re- lationships, and dysfunctional emotional responses.

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC) patients Caused by Ventricular Tachycardia with ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) is a common cause of acute chest pain and is a leading cause of in-hospital cardiac arrest. Ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) are considered as STEMI equivalent.1,2 Prompt high-quality cardiopulmonary resusci- tation (CPR) and early defibrillation is mandatory to increase survival in sudden cardiac arrest patients caused by pulseless ventricular tachy- cardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF).

Endocarditis on Top of a Subaortic Membrane Causing Cerebral and Coronary Embolization: Case report

Discrete subaortic membrane (DSM) represents a subvalvular fibromuscular ring beneath the aortic valve [1]. It is consid- ered the second most common cause of subaortic stenosis among children accounting for 14% of cases; however, few reports are available about it in adults.

Correlation between left atrial electromechanical delay and degree of left ventricular dia- stolic dysfunction in patient with sinus rhythm and preserved systolic function

Assessment of LV diastolic dysfunction in patient presenting with symptoms of dyspnea or heart failure is an important part of echo- cardiographic study. In 2016 An Update from American Society of Echocardiography (ASE) and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) recommended Several two-dimensional (2D) and Doppler parameters to grade diastolic dysfunction.

Electron spin aspects of Ru and V=O complexes for drugs

In the field of biology, drugs, and bioinorganic materials, magnetism or spin states may be an important physical viewpoint such as blood under magnetic field and magnetic controlled DDS. Magnetic role and detection of hybrid systems of metal complexes and proteins will be mentioned in this short review.

Calvarial Tuberculosis

A 19-year-old boy presented with status epilepticus. Computed tomography of the brain showed a big, multilobular mass, with peripheral oedema in the frontal lobe which was enhanced peripherally after intravenous administration of a contrast agent. The mass penetrated the frontal bone and extended subcutaneously. He immediately underwent right decompression craniectomy.

Sexual differences of skull asymmetry in Carollia brevicauda (Phyllostomidae: Carollinae) from Colombia

There are three main types of bilateral asymmetry: directional asym- metry (DA), fluctuating asymmetry (FA) and antisymmetry (AS). DA is a pattern where left and right sides consistently differ from each oth- er. FA is present when there are subtle non-directional differences between sides.

Coral reef lymphatic malformation: A new clinical phenotype

A 15-year-old girl of gypsy ethnicity presented with a slow-growing exophytic lesion present since birth on the lateral aspect of the right thigh. It caused mild local discomfort. Physical examination revealed a 6 cm brown multilobulated mass.

Brain MRI Outcomes Following Darbepoetin Administration in Newborns Undergoing Hypothermia for Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy (DANCE trial)

Neonatal encephalopathy due to hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is an important worldwide cause of mortality and morbidity with an incidence of 1 to 6 per 1,000 live births. HIE occurs sec- ondary to inadequate brain blood and oxygen supply and can result in focal or diffuse injury.

Caregiving of Patients Living with Mental Illness-An experience from Rural Community

Mental health is one of the critical health requirements that society needs to address in the present century. Around 14% of the global dis- ease burden is caused by mental disorders and one of the 10 leading causes of disability in Asia is mental illness [1]. It is estimated that 1 in every 4 families has a member suffering from a mental health disorder [2].

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of retromolar region –A clinico-pathological study

Among all craniofacial malignancy prevalence of salivary gland tumor is 3-5% including both major and minor salivary gland (14-22%),re- markably most of the minor salivary gland tumors appear malignant in nature. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most fre- quent malignant tumor occurring in the salivary glands, usually drawn the researcher’s attention for it’s exceptional biologic features.

The effect of vitamin d and parathyroid hormone level on the number of cd 34 stem cells after mobilization regime in patients with multiple myelom and non hodgkin lymphoma

Multiple Myeloma (MM) and Non hodgkin lymphoma are among the most common types of cancer. MM is characterized by neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells originating from a single clone producing monoclonal immunoglobulin.

Imaging side effects and complications of antineoplastic therapy in gastrointestinal tract- A pictorial review

Newer biologic drugs and immunomodulatory agents, as well as more tolerated and effective radiation therapy schemes have reduced treat- ment toxicity in oncology patients. The treatment are more precisely and personalized.

Rare birds in gynecologic oncology: ultrasound, hysteroscopic and pathologic features of an endometrial neuroendocrine carcinoma with extremely poor prognosis

Neuroendocrine tumors of the female reproductive tract account for about 2% of all gynecologic cancers and the features of each subtype are similar to those of their counterparts arising from other body sites. NECa (Neuroendocrine carcinoma) represents 0.8% of endometrial cancers and behaves aggressively with a propensity for systematic spreading and poor prognosis.

Sexual head profile differences in celoid horses assessed by geometric morphometrics

The use of shape analysis is one approach to understanding the causes of variation and the morphological transformation of animals due to selective breeding. Head shape plays a prominent part in the definition of equine breeds.

Atraumatic tooth extraction with immediate implant installation: case report

At the end of 1970s, a technique called immediate dental implant (IDI) was developed with the objective of installing the dental implant im- mediately after a dental surgical practice of extraction. Currently, in cases of single tooth loss in the esthetic area, the installation of a dental implant at the same time of tooth extraction, is the technique that has become the first option for improving the stability of the alveolar ridge.

Reporting of exercise descriptors and variables in resistance training interventions for lower limb tendinopathy: Protocol for a scoping review applying the Consensus on Exercise Re- porting Template and Toigo and Boutellier Framework

Tendinopathy represents a spectrum of potential changes to healthy tendons, leading to tendon damage and disease, with changes char- acterised by abnormal tendon composition and cellularity, ultimately leading to altered tendon microstructure.

Oral lichen planus - Review on etiopathogenesis and management

Lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin and the mucus membrane. Oral lichen planus (OLP), the mucosal counterpart of cutaneous lichen planus, the buccal mucosa, tongue and the gingiva are commonly involved although other sites may be rarely affected.

Study of the effect of high blood pressure on the kidney in children with COVID-19

The symptoms of COVID-19 viral disease, generally ranging from mild to moderate flu-like conditions to critical situation connected with acute respiratory distress syndrome and cytokine storm with de- creased adaptive immune response, portending high morbidity and mortality.

Cancer and virtual reality vr, the great challenge of the century

The number of new cases of cancer is constantly increasing around the world. The lengthening of life expectancy and therefore the aging of the population largely explain this increase in the number of can- cers, in particular (prostate cancer in men, breast cancer in women, colorectal or gastric cancers).

Importance of maintaining and improving immune function by diet, nutrition and exercise before specific vaccinations and therapeutic drugs for COVID-19

In March 2021, vaccination against COVID-19 had just started in Ja- pan. At that time, there were no sufficient therapeutic agents other than conventional anti-inflammatory steroid.

Public healthcare facilities and its utilization: Bangladesh perspective

Bangladesh encompassed over 160 million population in 2018 as stat- ed by the last Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) [1]. The country has experienced outstanding headway concerning maternal and child health between 1994 and 2014.

Maxillary sinus osteoma: A case report

Osteomas are tumors that generally develop in the upper airways, are pathological entities that occur sporadically in the craniofacial region, can be single or multiple, is a benign osteogenic lesion with slow and progressive growth.