Volume 3

Issue 4

Percutaneous ligamentum flavum cyst rupture by interlaminar epidural approach - A case report and literature review

A ligamentum flavum cyst (LFC) was first reported by Moiel et al. in 1967 [1]. It represents a rare cause of lumbar nerve root compression or spinal stenosis. LFC is a juxtafacet cyst (JFC), which was reported in 1974 to describe synovial and ganglion cysts that are adjacent to the facet joints [2]. A previous study evaluated cystic origins intraoperatively in 58 cases and suggested that JFCs may originate from three anatomic structures and present as facet cysts, flavum cysts, and posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) cysts [3]. The cyst causes back pain and lower leg pain. The treatment of choice is surgical intervention, and conservative treatment is also one of the treatments.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.03.001132

Pachydermoperiostosis (Touraine–Solente–Gole syndrome) imitating Acromegaly

PDP is the primary form of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) which should be distinguished from the secondary form of HOA, which is much more frequent and mostly associated with severe pulmonary disease, bronchogenic carcinoma, lung empyema, bronchiectasis, congenital heart disease, and thyroid or GI malignancy 1. It was first described by Friedreich2 in 1868, who called it ‘Hyperostosis of the entire skeleton’. In 1907, Unna named the term ‘cutis verticis gyrate’ for thick, transversely folded skin of scalp and forehead.
DOI: 10.55920/IJCIMR.2022.03.001131